Abortions may be on the rise in the United States after decades of decline
New York The Independent: – Abortions in the United States appear to be gradually increasing after a long decline, although officials are wary of calling it an upward trend because Wednesday’s government report is incomplete.
National abortion numbers in 2017 reached their lowest level since the 1973 US Supreme Court decision legalizing abortions.
But in the next two years, there were slight increases in the rate and numbers of miscarriages, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported.
It rose 1% in 2018. The following year, the numbers increased by 2% and the rate per 1,000 women of childbearing age increased by 1%.
The CDC report represents the most recent data available on abortions in the United States. But experts say it should be interpreted with caution because it is based on voluntary reporting and is not exhaustive.
Among its limitations: It does not include abortions from three states — including California, the country’s most populous state. Other countries may have much smaller numbers.
Those omissions mean that up to 30% of abortions in the country may not be recorded in CDC data, according to officials at the Guttmacher Institute, a New York-based nonprofit research organization that supports abortion rights. The group conducts a more comprehensive survey of all US abortion providers every three years, and its next report is due next year.
Rachel Jones, the lead researcher on this project, said that despite the CDC’s report’s limitations, it generally painted a similar overall picture to what Guttmacher reported.
“Historically, trends tend to be the same,” Jones said.
Births in the US have been declining for more than a decade, which means fewer births and miscarriages over the years.
The idea that abortions may be on the rise lately may be surprising, especially given recent efforts in many countries to restrict abortions.
“If it means more people are getting care when they need it, that’s a positive development,” Jones said.
She said the increase may be related to obtaining and using contraceptives, and may be related to whether more people are having sex.
Overall, there were about 630,000 abortions reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2019. The abortion rate was 11.4 abortions per 1,000 women ages 15-44. That year, 56% of reported abortions were surgical and about 44% were through the use of the so-called abortion pill.
The report also showed that about 18% of all pregnancies in the United States ended in miscarriage.
Jones noted that it is difficult to make general statements about abortion trends in the United States, because there can be significant differences from state to state. The numbers could increase in one state if women traveled there from other states.
It is not yet clear what the 2020 abortion trends will look like during the COVID-19 pandemic. Some states — including Indiana, Iowa and Kansas — have reported increases. But Jones said it’s possible that abortions have decreased in many places during the lockdowns.
“Everything that happened in 2020 was not just a matter of long-term direction. It was also affected by COVID.
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